Victor Kogan

Professor, Criminal Justice and Sociology

Fields: Criminology and Sociology of Law, particularly conflict between justice and the criminal justice system.
M.A. Jurisprudence, Kazakh State University; M.A., Journalism, ibid; Ph.D. Criminal Law, Criminology, Penology, Institute of State and Law of the U.S.S.R. Academy of Sciences, Moscow.

Old Main 307
5000 Abbey Way SE
Lacey, WA 98503


From 1970 to 1979, Victor M. Kogan worked as a researcher at the All-Union Institute for the Study of Crime and Crime Prevention. From 1979 to 1989, he worked as Senior Researcher at the Institute of State and Law, USSR Academy of Sciences.

In his first book (1966), Kogan proposed the concept of formalism as a foundation for the rule of law, and presented Soviet criminal law as a logical structure with the formalism of content, expression and order of norms that serve as the basis for self-restriction of the criminal justice system and the lawmakers themselves, who, for many reasons, are naturally prone to using a free hand, discretion and abuse.

Working in the Department of Criminal Law, at the Institute of State and Law, Dr. Kogan defined three stages for making criminal law an effective tool for the defense of a society – conditioning, formulation and implementation. According to Kogan, criminal law should be defined and evaluated with regard to its scope, severity and justice, which is its integral feature. Legal norms are primary but not the only component of the influence of criminal law; they are supported, reinforced or weakened by their moral content, which is more or less compatible with the morality of different demographic groups. The work of the criminal justice system includes the degree of security the system provides people, official assessments of law-enforcement and the correctional institutions’ success or failure, the certainty, celerity and severity of sentencing, and the image of the criminal in the public’s eyes.

From 1990 to the present, Dr. Kogan has been a professor of Criminal Justice and Sociology at Saint Martin’s University, where he has taught Criminology and Juvenile Delinquency, Law and Society, Judicial Process, American Social Problems, Race, Sex and Disability, and Intercultural Communication. Accordingly, his current interests include the functioning of the jury system, race and ethnic relations, and multiculturalism. Dr. Kogan is a second term chair of the social justice department.

Select Publications

“Logical-Judicial Structure of Soviet Criminal Law,” Alma-Ata, 1966
“Social Characteristics of Crime,” Moscow, 1977
“Social Mechanism of Criminal Law Influence,” Moscow, 1983
“Russian Criminological Outlook,” Moscow, dedicated to Dr. Kogan the Issue 1, 2011 (www.crimimology/ru ).

Dr. Kogan's works had been included in the top 100 books in criminal law and criminology according to Russian Criminological Outlook, 2014 nos. 2 and 3.